Chandra Resolves the Hard X-Ray Background
It is everywhere but nobody knew why. In every direction at all times, the sky glows in X-rays. The X-ray background phenomenon was discovered over 35 years ago, soon after the first X-ray satellites were launched, and has since gone unexplained. Yesterday results were released using data from the recently launched Chandra X-Ray Observatory that appears to have resolved much of this mystery. The above photograph shows that about 80 percent of the apparently diffuse hard X-ray background can be resolved into very many very faint sources. The new question is now what are these sources? Early speculation, much of which predates these observations, holds that many of these sources are the active centers of distant galaxies, probably involving massive black holes. Still other sources may be of origins currently unknown.
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Section I: General Terms
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- Disclaimer of Warranty and Limitation of Liability
- Amendment of the Terms
- Submitting Content
- Copyright in Your Content
- Monitoring Content
- Storage Policy
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If you have any comments or questions about the Service please contact us by email.
If you have any comments or questions about the Service please contact us by email.
Section II: Additional Terms
To register as a member of the Service or purchase products, you must be 13 years or lawfully permitted to enter into and form contracts under applicable law. In no event may minors submit Content to the Service. You agree that the information that you provide to us upon registration, at the time of purchase, and at all other times will be true, accurate, current and complete. You also agree that you will ensure that this information is kept accurate and up to date at all times. This is especially important with respect to your email address, since that is the primary way in which we will communicate with you about your account and your orders.
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You agree that Arthola may at any time, and without notice, suspend or terminate any part of the Service, or refuse to fulfill any order, or any part of any order or terminate your membership and delete any Content stored on the Arthola Site, in Arthola's sole discretion, if you fail to comply with the Terms or applicable law.
Arthola MAY provide payments to members based on "like$" your content generates. "Like$" do not have monetary value until actual payment is remitted. Arthola provides payments strictly at its own discretion based on internal criteria that incorporate the like-ability of your content as well as a number of other tools that could be changed at any time. Arthola may refuse to remit payment to you and terminate your account at its own discretion, and especially if suspicion of fraudulent activities have been established, incuding but not limited to multiple account usage, crosslinked "like$", as well as any of our terms of service have been violated. If Arthola selects to remit a payment to you via the financial providers that we work with, upon receipt you are solely responsible to report the payment to your tax authority. Failure to do so will be considered a violation of our terms of service and your account could be terminated.
Members cannot claim monetary compensation from Arthola. Arthola provides payments at its own discretion.